the geopolitics of borders and boundaries

December 2, 2020

Desse modo, as questões sanitárias, desenvolvimentistas, securi-tárias, ambientais, identitárias e outras comportam uma distinta peculiaridade que motiva esse artigo: os encontros e desencontros com o outro. Our main hypothesis is that the structural conditions of securitization that became dominant in NATO-Russia relations after the annexation of Crimea and the war in Donbas produce different effects all across the borderline, directly affecting borderland communities, including mobility, connectivity and public security. Wherever you are on the political spectrum, this essay is likely to offend you. There were exceptions to the rule, but the overall view, only fifteen years after the dramatic first half of the century in which, ders. When nations engage in the creation of memories and landscapes, the resulting memory work upon identity and the narratives and discourses of a nation can influence sense of belonging and other cultural criteria. Re-reading two of the classic works in boundary and border, political geography of 1963 and Victor Prescott’s work on the geography of, frontiers and boundaries published in 196, under the rubric ‘the classics revisited’, inspiring experience to be reminded again of the early insights o, be considered two of the founding-persons in boundary and border studies. * Descriptions of land and maritime boundaries and a summary of territorial settlements and treaties between contiguous countries * A geopolitical index, assigned to each country border, considering all aspects of geography-including physical, historical, economic, strategic, and social dimensions--and all levels of political decision-making O presente artigo analisa os desafios securitários paraguaios e uruguaios na fronteira com o Brasil. With geography at the core, borders and border studies illustrate the relationship between global societal changes and their impact on places along the margins. USD 59.99 Instant download; Readable on all devices; Own it forever; Local sales tax included if applicable; Buy Physical Book Learn about institutional subscriptions. In geopolitics, boundaries are dividing lines between territorial entities such as places or states. Indeed, borders have become prominent topics of research for a range of scholars from across the social sciences and humanities. Geopolitics, 10:672-79. van Krieken, Peter. Globalization as we know it today did not just come out of geographical thin air and it has definite geopolitical roots and biases. Geopolitics of identity, integral to the establishment of a trans-boundary borderland, challenge the importance of the hyphen in nation-state. The number of geographical studies on borders and border regions has increased over the last few decades due to the process of globalization. This research identifies three national institutions of heritage and memory work in Wales to. The first essential characteristic of borders is that they are both political and territorial. Contrary to arbitrary borders, borderlands are distinctive places in themselves, with dimensions spanning the economic, social, cultural, theoretical, and historical (Anderson and O'Dowd 1999;Chang 2010;Newman 2006a;Newman 2006b;Paasi 2013; ... Так, с помощью концепций «близости» (proximity) и «дистанции» (distance) изучают процессы формирования и изменения социальных связей, солидарности и идентичности под влиянием взаимодействий через границу [21]. This distinction has become classic. 2005. 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG. 4, (2005), pp. Despite its relevance to understanding globalization and marginalization, geography education has occupied its own intellectual borderland, having been on the margins of American education for decades. Este artigo utilizou-se de documentos oficiais e da literatura de estudos fronteiriços e relações internacionais. It could lead to fresh debates on what lines in spaces, geometry and it could invoke what is often lacking in the current border, Another crucial element in both classic works is the distinction made. In the discipline of international relations, borders as one understands today, is associated with modernity and particularly the birth of the Westphalian state. Contemporary events call this approach into question. and economic traditions, as well as imported models of social welfare. Políticas de Segurança e Defesa das Fronteiras Paraguaias e Uruguaias com o Brasil / Security and Defense Policies along the Paraguayan and Uruguayan Borders with Brazil, Editorial: Revisiting Borders and Boundaries: Exploring Migrant Inclusion and Exclusion from Intersectional Perspectives, Sınır Bölgelerinde Sosyo-Mekânsal Etkileşim ve Yönetişim: Türkiye Örneği, Grenzen im Kopf - Untersuchungen von Lernvoraussetzungen und digitalen Spielen zur Thematisierung räumlicher Grenzen im Geographieunterricht, Russian – Norwegian Borderlands: Three Facets of Geopolitics, Situating the Sino-Indian Border of Tawang in the Border Studies Discourse, Revisiting ‘Bordering, Ordering and Othering’: An Invitation to ‘Migrate’ Towards A Politics of Hope, An Overview of European Geographical Research on Borders and Border Regions, Fences and Neighbours in the Postmodern World: Boundary Narratives in Political Geography, The Territorial Trap: The Geographical Assumptions of International Relations Theory, Territorial Boundaries: A Liberal Egalitarian Perspective, Borders of Comfort: Spatial Economic Bordering Processes in and by the European Union, Toward a Deliberative Model of Democratic Legitimacy, Ethnic Groups and Boundaries: The Social Organization of Culture Difference, Cartopolitics: Radical cartography and European geopolitics, Architecture, Spatial Planning and Politics, NOTA PRIMEROS CONTACTOS E INTERACCIÓN EN LAS COSTAS DEL PLATA A PRINCIPIOS DEL SIGLO XVI. Please see Oxford entry below and for more details at Previous positions of Mr Foucher include Ambassador to Latvia and head of the Policy Planning Staff of the Foreign Ministry. Muchas de estas expediciones fueron clandestinas debido a los problemas de demarcación de límites y las consecuencias geopolíticas que tuvo la firma del Tratado de Tordesillas, This paper traces the major discussions of “world” or “non-Christian” religions in the speeches, promotion, and scholarly texts related to InterVarsity Christian Fellowship’s triennial “Urbana” Student Missionary Convention, beginning with its 1946 initiation at the University of Toronto and concluding with the final 1960s convention, held in 1967 at the University of Illinois’s Urbana-Champaign, The phenomenon of Adygag’e as an institutional determinant of integration of the Circassians, together with religion as an ideological and language as an instrumental determinant, may act as a factor of sociocultural unification of the Adyghe ethnicity. By claiming that all borders are human-made, and by den, there are natural borders, just as I find, natural in the first place. Since its founding as the International Boundaries Research Unit in 1989, IBRU has been the world’s leading research centre on international boundary making and dispute resolution, creating impact through the services it provides to the public and private sectors. A frontier, can, thus, be defined as a politico-geographical area, lying beyond defined borders of a political unit into which expansion could take place (for instance, European penetration into the Zulu-Natal area and, in modern times, Antarctica). The method used is the comparative method, which makes this article also belong to the Comparative Policy field, since this is a field defined by its method. T&F logo. In preparing these transcripts, we thank Lea Doughty, Lisa Marr and the Centre for Global Migrations at the University of Otago. In the third study, the focus was on the representations and concepts of digital games with regard to spatial boundaries and their potential for being addressed in geography lessons. 25.02.2019. Borders, Boundaries and Frontiers: Notes on Jerusalem's Present Geopolitics ... geopolitics by suggesting that the geopolitics of cities have much to do with the crossing of scales – from the neighbourhood scale to the city level and then to the colonial apparatus of the state. Correspondingly the relation between borders and security has also changed in view of the larger international developments such as globalisation, which challenged the construct of territorialisation by promoting free movement of goods, services, people … Cities, Geopolitics, and the International Legal Order Report and Thought Pieces. The course offers insights to the processes involved in resolving border and territorial disputes and tackling contemporary issues such as water conflict. (2005). ssentialistic and not focused on the line per se. The Great Powers and Urbanization Project (GPUP) Explore. More precisely, boundary, studies (where the border is) and border studies (how the border is socially, constructed) have in fact grown apart, have become detached from each, other to become separate subfields. border is now understood as a verb in the sense of bordering. doi: 10.1080/14650049808407607. Logout. Strictly anchored in the strategic and utilitarian logic and necessity, border largely remained the sensitive and sovereign limits of the state that is to be religiously preserved and protected. are there borders in the first place? It is a physical and moral concept which implied looking outwards and moving outwards. These trends point to an important lack of conceptual and analytical clarity as to what borders and boundaries are and are not, what distinguishes them from each other and how they relate to each other. entre las coronas de España y Portugal en 1494 (Chaves 1968), que fijaba una línea divisoria entre las posesiones de ambos reinos. It, scholar to be reminded again by Minghi that boundaries touch the heart of the, are in the dominant academic thinking of the various times. van: Publication year: 2005: Source: Geopolitics, vol. This model is based on the spatial concepts of geography lessons (cf. What exactly is protected when borders are produced? 7 Borders could be defined in several ways (Starr and Most, 1976); however, even regarding the same kind of borders, not all border communities have the same characteristics, since not all are dissected by the border in the same way (Wilson and Donnan, 1998). Notwithstanding the close relationship between the two concepts, "borders" and "boundaries" have largely been subject to separate scholarly debates or sometimes treated as synonymous. 672-679. But this is to draw too bold a line between a world that is and a world that was. Why border lines drawn with a ruler in WW1 still rock the Middle East. No, they will become irrelevant - with a 95% probability - until technical failure. Mo, times we are living in that Antipode, the journal of radical geog, the anti-essentialist, anti-determinist (and anti-neo-liberal) ap, back to that important and thought-provoking q, does humankind produce borders? Back to main menu. , Borderlines 18, (Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press 2001). 22.12; University College London; Download full-text PDF Read full-text. Host an Event at Perry World House Explore. In other words, the. Link/Page Citation Blouet contends that the history of geopolitics is a history of bad ideas that have led countries to wars and recessions. The synergy, ders and boundaries. B/ordering in th, cally the desire to distance oneself from the othe, evolutionary psychology and environmental psychol. Ample literature exists on the study of borderlands from the geographical perspective (for example, see Anderson and O'Dowd 1999;Chang 2010;Nail 2016; ... Ideas about borders have shifted over time (Anderson and O'Dowd 1999;Newman 2006b;Paasi 2013;Rumsford 2012; ... On the other hand, borders are an intense and wide ranging subject of study as "they are at once gateways and barriers to the 'outside world', protective and imprisoning, areas of opportunity and/or insecurity, zones of contact and/or conflict, of co-operation and/ or competition, of ambivalent identities and/or the aggressive assertion of difference" (Anderson and O'Dowd 1999, p. 595). Even when political rule is territorial, territoriality does not necessarily entail the practices of total mutual exclusion which dominant understandings of the modern territorial state attribute to it. The answers to these questions are of immense importance for a better understanding of the sociocultural practices in Russia as a whole and in its polyethnic regions in particular (Adygea being one of them). At the time, I thought of it more in terms of political geography, and then it developed as part of geopolitics. Volume 10, 2005 - Issue 4. Through a series of successes and failures, some Welsh national heritage institutions have expanded their understanding of Wales to include the pluralistic historiography which guided and continues to impact the development and composition of Welsh society. The boundary remains a material and ideological geopolitical feature. Register to receive personalised research and resources by email, The Geopolitics of Borders and Boundaries, Nijmegen Centre for Border Research, Radboud University , The Netherlands, /doi/pdf/10.1080/14650040500318522?needAccess=true. geopolitics which have interesting things, different from todays’ approach? They will have to look for their place in the emerging world order, as well as their road to the future and a new self-identity in the context of the sociocultural and geopolitical processes unfolding in the region and around it. On the one hand, globalization, which irrevocably intrudes into the spiritual sphere of the smaller peoples, the Circassians being one of them, is destroying the national partitions and importing global (not necessarily American or Western) values, thus unifying ethnic cultures. It is marked by a significant shift in the understanding of borders. We use cookies to improve your website experience. 672-79. He is currently Professor of geography and geopolitics at the Ecole Normale Supérieure (Paris Ulm). - Emilian Kavalski, Political Studies Review"The Geopolitics of Europe's Identity is an innovative and exciting excursion into the new geopolitics of political space. It offers an impression of the current ‘state of the art’ of existing literature that deals in various ways with the concept of the border of the state. In this introduction, we elaborate the two concepts separately before examining possible ways to link them theoretically. During this first half of the twenti, ies was concentrated on the nature of borders in terms of their being good or, demarcations, in these times of war and military occupation and an underem-, phasis for an interest in borders during ‘normal’, border scholars in the present debate have radically turned away from, describing borders as natural. ON PROPERTY AND BORDERS. Published. All rights reserved. Critical geopolitics also links up with critical work in geopolitical economy and development studies. On the other hand, its positive achievements can be used to obtain advantages unheard of prior to the 3rd millennium: each ethnicity can give the world the unique features of its culture. Its borders are the result of centuries of wars, treaties, and sometimes imposed settlements that continue to shape Europe’s economic and political realities. between natural and non-natural borders. PY - 2012. Borders and boundaries, commonly defined as the lines dividing distinct political, social, or legal territories, are arguably the most ubiquitous features within the field of political geography. 226-30. Past Seminar Series. been the widening of the ontology and epistemology of borders. The Geopolitics of Europe’s Identity: Centers, Boundaries, and Margins (9781403982056): Parker, N.: Books ... and indeed philosophical investigations are closely connected with an in-depth empirical knowledge of the various borders and boundary zones of contemporary Europe. Authors: Parker, N. Free Preview. Seminar Series Explore. The contributions in this Special Issue address this issue from multiple perspectives that reflect a variety of disciplines and theoretical backgrounds and are informed by different case studies in Europe and beyond. Go to page top Go back to contents Go back to site navigation 4, pp. As argued above, the balance in the present boundary/border, studies, is now leaning towards border studies. In this theoretical attempt to reach a deeper understanding of economic bordering, it is concluded that the development of the European Union, and the commodification of bordered spaces - urban and regional - within it, are regarded as 'place-making' processes with major implications in terms of solidarity and exclusion. Breaking Down Europe on Map Buy this book eBook 53,49 ... and indeed philosophical investigations are closely connected with an in-depth empirical knowledge of the various borders and boundary zones of contemporary Europe. This has had a tremendous effec, ies and possibly is, in our time of postmodernisation of scie, explanations of the mushrooming of study centres, conferences and articles, on borders. Since the fall of the communist regimes, we have been witnessing in Europe two phenomena that dominate the geopolitical scene: on the one hand there is integration, with the advance of the borders of the European Union (EU) towards the east through its two enlargements, and on the other hand there is disintegration, as expressed by social crisis, and latent tensions and conflicts in the countries found beyond the said border. Geographers have sought to place the notions of boundary within other social theoretical constructs, while other social scientists have attempted to understand the role of space and, in some cases, territory in their understanding of personal, group, and national boundaries and identities. By Tarek Osman (@TarekmOsman) Presenter: The Making of the Modern Arab World. One of the key merits of the past few decades certainly have. Albert, M. (1998) ‘On boundaries, territory and postmodernity: An international relations perspective’, Geopolitics, 3(1), pp. Get this from a library! I place the role of the Welsh Government, minority voices, and economic processes within the broader economic, historical, cultural, and political landscape of Wales. Introduction: Social welfare in the twenty-one countries of the Middle East and North Africa has been influenced by local cultural, political, social, The connection between memory, identity, and landscape transcends much of human experience. In this article I suggest that the order of this relationship should be reversed. Apparently, the geopolitical divides are more visible and easily identifiable through the mainstream media, while other layers need a different optics allowing to spot various regimes of border functioning and peer into the complex construction of borders, where geopolitical divisions and partitions are counter-balanced by sub-national activities and initiatives discarding the logic of geopolitical conflict and alternating it with the grass-roots public / cultural diplomacy. Prof. David Newman: “Basically the work I did on Israeli geopolitics; on Israel and the West Bank, boundaries, settlements and I realised that territorial trend is a very important part of understanding global political change. 10, iss. Both subfields h, tional expertise centres, their own journals and the, discussion between the two subfields, were no, and a possible (land-artistic) re-visioning of the border(land). [Noel Parker;] -- This book pursues an original perspective on Europe's shifting extent and geopolitical standing: how countries and spaces marginal to it impact on Europe as a center. Moreover, Mr Foucher is member of the Council of Foreign Affairs (Paris). AU - Strandsbjerg, Jeppe. The authors have studied the specifics of the emergence of the Adyghes’ social-integrative potential in its historical perspective based on “Adygag’e” as a social-regulatory system. National strategies … Essa delimitação territorial produzida historicamente, socialmente e politicamente ao longo do tempo, ... O conceito de fronteiras utilizado é o de que são ocorrências políticas geradas a partir de relações sociais, as quais, externamente, visam separar as coletividades e, internamente, unir um grupo por meio de práticas de discurso e das relações políticas, sociais, econômicas e culturais, ... O conceito de fronteiras utilizado é o de que são ocorrências políticas geradas a partir de relações sociais, as quais, externamente, visam separar as coletividades e, internamente, unir um grupo por meio de práticas de discurso e das relações políticas, sociais, econômicas e culturais (HOUTUM, 2005;PAASI, 1996). Resumen: La hipótesis de este documento es que las políticas fronterizas más cercanas al paradigma realista para las fronteras, especialmente en el Introdução A discussão acerca do conceito de fronteiras e das práticas fronteiriças possui múltiplas dimensões, tanto por envolver atores de alcance local, nacio-nal e internacional, quanto também por envolver práticas e problemáticas que perpassam os diversos níveis de análise (BUZAN, 1995), o que torna o trabalho do analista e daqueles que devem pro-duzir políticas públicas acerca do tema, uma tarefa árdua, mas não ingrata. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. O questionamento deste artigo é: as políticas paraguaias e uruguaias corroboram com a segurança fronteiriça e incorporam vetores explícitos de cooperação e integração fronteiriça com o Brasil? Physical barriers have always been a challenge to the human spirit’s desire to overcome all obstacles. Cities, Geopolitics, and the International Legal Order Report and Thought Pieces. This Special Issue tackles this conceptual gap by bringing the two fields of studies together: we argue that boundaries/boundary work and borders/ bordering should be treated as interrelated rather than distinct phenomena. The insight that the making of borders is the, social practices and habitus has lead to the study of b, such as (macro-)regions, cities or neighbourhoods, a border has become, of the works in border studies. It discusses how various colonial assumptions have blended with the local, and how colonial and postcolonial circumstances have intersected with social welfare by way of geopolitical conflict and interethnic disputes and weakened political institutions and socioeconomic effects related to poverty, inequality, and political repression. as to differentiate between boundaries, borders, borderlands . It includes dates of declarations of independence, changes in country name, changes of capital city or name, and changes in territory such as the annexation, cession, concession, occupation, or secession of land. This literature analyses geopolitics as discourse and also deconstructs policy texts to examine the use of geographical reasoning in statecraft. The study of borders has moved beyond the limited confines of the political geography discourse, crossing its own disciplinary boundaries, to include sociologists, political scientists, historians, international lawyers and scholars of international relations. A theoretical discussion of borders and margins is developed, and set against nine studies of countries, regions, and identities They demarcate territorial claims, they separate what is own and what is free, they serve the spatial organisation of societies and they influence spatial identity constructions. Geopolitics refer to the physical and human geographic influences on political and international relations. The Geopolitics of Europe’s Identity Centers, Boundaries, and Margins. struction of a socio-spatial (id)entity – not, question might reveal to us, why the b/ordering of space, in whatever form, or shape, seems such a persistent constitu, gaining insight into the immanent powers of the b/orderi, might learn to be more perceptive and sensitiv, for the construction of territorial demarcation and d, could perhaps unlearn to see borders as given, fixed, linear or stab, instead constitute a more open perspective on territoriality in which the, constructed and hence always dynamic configuration of personalised social, relations and networks – coincides with the territorial borders and markers, would like to make a plea to return, with t, genealogical knowledge of the social constructions of borders in our ruck-, view, there are some new promising researches that have recently been, started up in geography that could be of value t, geography, including a fundamental theorisation of fear and desire, as nota-, Deleuze and Guattari and their followers. What precisely drives the seemingly persistent human moti-, vation to call a territory one’s or our own, to demarcate. This demonstrated transoptic understanding of landscape may be applied not only to Wales’ complicated geographies but to those nations and peoples facing similar challenging memory work across Europe and the globe. Geopolitics. globe? Where is the border located, how did it came about, evolve, change over time, became the topic of (mili-, teenth century and the first half of the twentieth century and hence of their, overview. For this purpose, three partial studies were carried out and their results published in professional journals. Back to main menu. Neil Lock. As our key point, we posit that the geopolitical conflictuality and the ensuing gaps and ruptures in military security are not automatically projected onto the level of “low” / grass-roots / local politics where there exists a public demand for expanding the existing spaces of interaction in such fields as cultural exchanges, environmental protection and people-to-people contacts. what is the ethical difference between th, since in democratic societies citizens are not prisoners, and the right for oth-. The essentiality of this study was pioneered during The Second World War (Paasi, 2009). It has lead to a bordering, value of each and every study copying this template for a specific case or, adding an interesting insight on another performance outlet of the construc-, tion of borders, I believe the present debate is somewhat out of, Maybe in this sense there is a similarity, of the twentieth century. This article explores the social processes of making and reproducing borders through economic activities. Recent studies include analyses of the postmodern ideas of territoriality and the ‘disappearance’ of borders, the construction of sociospatial identities, socialization narratives in which boundaries are responsible for creating the ‘us’ and the ‘Other’, and the different scale dimensions of boundary research. These borderlands highlight a geography of cultural groups that do not lie neatly within state boundaries, but often spill over territorial lines—woven together across the globe in networks of migration and cultural associations that intersect state boundaries. For this purpose, pupils of the 9th grade, with and without migration background or experiences of flight were interviewed. The main theoretical argument is that the geopolitics of cities have to do with a crossing of scales – from the neighbourhood scale to the city level and then to the colonial apparatuses of the state. ... geopolitics: From Rudolf Kjellen to a Swedish ‘Dual State,’" Geopolitics 10 (2005): 546–66. In the post-contemporary world, in which globalization creates localization, while localization, in turn, leads to globalization, it has become especially important to study all transformations of the ethno-linguistic cultures. And at, Re-reading the classic works of Minghi and Prescott has once again. You should be able to get that on websites like researchgate if you don’t have your KCL logins yet. New York, NY: Springer. People and groups construct territory by creating, maintaining, and defending boundaries. Hence, what we have seen the last decade or so is an immense, growth of the focus of the representation of borders and natio, in the field of border studies. As is explainable when basin, postmodernism, much emphasis has been put on the form and, which borders are represented and symbolised. The aim of this work is to further develop the current state of research in Political Geography with regard to spatial borders in a didactic way and thus to create a basis for discussion in class. Login; Hi, User .

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